• Navigating the Ethics of River Tourism in the Canadian Arctic

    Navigating the Ethics of River Tourism in the Canadian Arctic

    Nancy Doubleday, Bryan Grimwood

    Researchers worked with tourists and Indigenous groups to explore how these communities create the “nature” of a Canadian Arctic riverscape through distinct perspectives and practices, as a way to foster understanding and mutual respect for diverse...

  • Serious Fun at a Jewish Summer Camp

    Serious Fun at a Jewish Summer Camp

    Celia Rothenberg

    Camp Ben Frankel, a community-based Jewish summer camp, plays a pivotal role in the social development of young Jews and their culture, faith, relationships, community, and identity.

  • A Genomic Analysis of the Plague of Justinian

    A Genomic Analysis of the Plague of Justinian

    Hendrik Poinar

    Yersinia pestis is responsible for at least three devastating human pandemics, but little is known about the first pandemic, the Plague of Justinian. DNA from individuals who died during the first plague indicates that a Y pestis lineage (extinct...

  • Difficult Inheritances: Placing Memorials of Vancouver's Disappeared Women in Context

    Difficult Inheritances: Placing Memorials of Vancouver's Disappeared Women in Context

    Amber Dean

    Engaging readers in a thoughtful analysis of the public representations and activist strategies that seek to remember and retell the stories of Vancouver’s disappeared women, this research reflects on the enduring historical contexts of injustice...

  • Indigenous Place-Thought and Agency Amongst Humans and Non-Humans

    Indigenous Place-Thought and Agency Amongst Humans and Non-Humans

    Vanessa Watts

    Euro-Western thought has made many important efforts to understand and embrace all components of Indigenous histories. However, these attempts are often still processed through very Western beliefs which view Indigenous histories as stories rather...

  • The Gospel of Mark and the Self-Sacrifice of Rulers

    The Gospel of Mark and the Self-Sacrifice of Rulers

    Matthew Thiessen

    Though the “many for one” political ideology was widespread in the first century CE, the Gospel of Mark, passage 10:45, rejects this ideology. Instead, this type of rule is contrasted with Jesus’s own as the servant king, sacrificing himself (the...

  • Social Worker Overload: Using Digital Media for Worker Advocacy

    Social Worker Overload: Using Digital Media for Worker Advocacy

    Tara La Rose

    By increasing the reach and impact of a message digital media storytelling can be an effective form of worker advocacy, as demonstrated by the union-made short video Social Worker Overload.

  • Postsecondary Pathways of High School Students with Special Education Needs

    Postsecondary Pathways of High School Students with Special Education Needs

    Karen Robson

    While the Ontario government is pushing for an even bigger increase in postsecondary enrollment, access to these institutions is still unequal. High school students with special education needs have more complicated pathways to postsecondary...

  • A New Wrinkle in Biosensors

    A New Wrinkle in Biosensors

    Leyla Soleymani

    Point-of-care biosensors that can diagnose both infectious and noninfectious diseases are crucial for the advancement of healthcare globally, especially if they can offer fast and affordable service. New technologies, like wrinkled electrodes, could...

  • The History of Infant and Maternal Public Health Care in the British Caribbean

    The History of Infant and Maternal Public Health Care in the British Caribbean

    Juanita De Barros

    Following the end of slavery in 1834, colonial governments in the British Caribbean unfolded a set of public health policies focused on women and children that were designed to “uplift the race,” including midwife training and baby-saving leagues.

  • Using Recuperative Thickening Technology to Boost Biogas Production

    Using Recuperative Thickening Technology to Boost Biogas Production

    David Latulippe

    Wastewater treatment is complex, expensive, and uses a lot of energy. High performance technologies, such as recuperative thickening techniques, can help wastewater treatment facilities reduce their energy consumption on-site by generating biogas, a...

  • Literary History of Six Nations of the Grand River

    Literary History of Six Nations of the Grand River

    Rick Monture

    This research tells the history of the Grand River Six Nations, documenting the community’s own understanding of its nationhood and culture through study of the spiritual and political philosophies, oral stories, and writings of its members.

  • Raising Awareness of Human Interconnections with the Sea

    Raising Awareness of Human Interconnections with the Sea

    Chris Myhr

    This artistic research produced a film and exhibition titled Approaches to Erg which recreated the effect of being underwater in the Halifax Harbour to draw our attention to the dynamic relationships that connect us to the large bodies of water...

  • The Context of the Dead Sea Scrolls in the Qumran Library

    The Context of the Dead Sea Scrolls in the Qumran Library

    Daniel Machiela

    The Aramaic Dead Sea Scrolls comprise a new source of information for ancient Judaism from the fourth to first centuries BCE. These scrolls exhibit a number of characteristics that distinguish them from the Hebrew literature found in the Dead Sea...

  • Listening to the Brain When the Body Cannot Speak

    Listening to the Brain When the Body Cannot Speak

    John Connolly

    Researchers have combined brainwave-imaging technology with language-based tests to see conscious brain activity among people who are unable to communicate in typical ways, giving doctors the information needed to provide critical health care...

  • Effects of Changing Lake Temperatures on Developing Fish Embryos in Lake Huron

    Effects of Changing Lake Temperatures on Developing Fish Embryos in Lake Huron

    Joanna Wilson

    Many industries use lake water to cool their plants and water that returns to the lake can be warmer than the typical lake temperature. In Ontario, Bruce Power’s nuclear generation station uses water from Lake Huron for cooling; the water that is...

  • Six Nations Community Health

    Six Nations Community Health

    Sonia Anand

    Addressing key social barriers on the Six Nations Reserve is critical to tackle the high prevalence of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease in this community.

  • Six Nations Maternal and Newborn Health

    Six Nations Maternal and Newborn Health

    Sonia Anand

    Understanding the maternal and newborn characteristics that increase the risk of early development of adiposity can help inform strategies that prevent obesity and type 2 diabetes in the Six Nations community.

  • The Costs of Bankruptcy

    The Costs of Bankruptcy

    Jiaping Qiu

    When a corporation declares bankruptcy, employee’s wages decrease significantly. This potential loss in earnings is significant enough that firms with a high risk of bankruptcy must pay their employees a higher wage to compensate them for the risky...

  • The Right to be Involved

    The Right to be Involved

    Chris Sinding

    Health care is becoming increasingly centered on the treatment decisions of patients. While this is an important advance in health care, there can be unintended drawbacks to this approach.

  • Understanding the Great Recession

    Understanding the Great Recession

    Alok Johri

    The Great Recession that began in late 2007 was the worst recession in the post-war era. A significant contributing factor was rapid innovation in the finance industry, which lead to expectations that could not be fulfilled.

  • The Political Lives of Migrants

    The Political Lives of Migrants

    Peter Nyers

    Citizenship is often viewed as a means of excluding migrants from participating in political affairs. However, migrants are capable of contesting this exclusion and viewing themselves as citizens through their actions.

  • Assessing Access to Clean Water in Rural Communities

    Assessing Access to Clean Water in Rural Communities

    Sarah Dickson

    Rural, remote and marginalized (RRM) communities can face a lack of clean drinking water and poor sanitation. This research complies a set of indicators to provide an assessment of water security in these communities.

  • The Importance of Including Older People in Canadian Strategies on Homelessness

    The Importance of Including Older People in Canadian Strategies on Homelessness

    Amanda Grenier

    The number of older people who are homeless is expected to increase across Canada. Strategies to combat homelessness tend to neglect this group and this can be problematic as older homeless people have unique needs.

  • Making Humanitarian Action Possible

    Making Humanitarian Action Possible

    Andrew Gilbert

    Delivering humanitarian aid in postwar societies can be difficult in the face of political pressures and great demand for limited resources. In order for aid to be effective, the criteria for what constitutes legitimate humanitarian action must be...

  • Salvadoran Families Negotiate Adolescence in a Canadian Context

    Salvadoran Families Negotiate Adolescence in a Canadian Context

    Mirna Carranza

    Adolescence can be a challenging transition period for all parents and children, including immigrant families who must use resourcefulness and resilience to navigate between cultures and keep families together. Canadian immigrant Salvadoran mothers...

  • Labour & Tax Justice

    Labour & Tax Justice

    Robert O'Brien

    Tax evasion and avoidance are common practice among wealthy individuals and corporations. These practices shift the burden to poorer citizens and developing nations, and can lead to the termination of important programs and services. The term “tax...

  • More Protein Combined With Exercise May Lead to Weight Loss and Muscle Gain

    More Protein Combined With Exercise May Lead to Weight Loss and Muscle Gain

    Stuart Phillips

    Ideally, weight loss involves a loss of body fat and the maintenance or a gain of muscle or lean body mass. This randomized control trial demonstrates that a low-calorie, high-protein diet combined with intense exercise helps promote a loss in fat...

  • How Indigenous Grandparent-Grandchild Relationships Influence Health and Well-Being

    How Indigenous Grandparent-Grandchild Relationships Influence Health and Well-Being

    Chelsea Gabel

    Intergenerational relationships play an integral role in maintaining cultural continuity through the process of storytelling and knowledge transmission. These processes also have positive implications for the health and well-being of Indigenous...

  • A Conversation With the Past Through Modern Mummification

    A Conversation With the Past Through Modern Mummification

    Andrew Wade

    Until recently modern mummification using traditional techniques had not been performed. A modern mummy, however, offers a unique and valuable connection between modern research and the ancient world.

  • A New Way of Understanding Wellbeing

    A New Way of Understanding Wellbeing

    Gavin Andrews

    Through non-representational theory, wellbeing is understood as an immediate, less-than-fully conscious, physio-environmental process that emerges as we move through the world. With this perspective, we can begin to understand where and when...

  • Gender, Race and chances of Promotion

    Gender, Race and chances of Promotion

    Rochelle Wijesingha

    Achieving tenure and promotion are significant milestones in the career of a university faculty member. However, research often indicates that racialized and female faculty do not receive tenure and promotion at the same rate as their non-racialized...

  • Employment services in Rural and Urban Contexts

    Employment services in Rural and Urban Contexts

    Jessica Braimoh

    Despite offering the same services on paper, there is a difference in how Employment Service is delivered across urban and rural social service organisations. Compared to the urban site, the rural setting has fewer resources that can be used to...

  • Using a National Framework in Developing a Child and Youth Mental Health Plan in Yukon

    Using a National Framework in Developing a Child and Youth Mental Health Plan in Yukon

    Gillian Mulvale

    Many of Canada's provinces and territories do not have explicit child and youth mental health policies or plans in place. A case study exploring the development of Yukon's child and youth mental health framework illuminates the benefits,...

  • Revolutions in the Digital Age

    Revolutions in the Digital Age

    Deena Abul Fottouh

    Deena Abul Fottouh is a PhD student of Sociology at McMaster University. Her Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship and Sherman Centre for Digital Scholarship funded dissertation examines digital activism, computational sociology, social networks and...

  • Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities Critique and Take Control of their Media Images

    Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities Critique and Take Control of their Media Images

    Ann Fudge Schormans

    From the perspective of people with intellectual disabilities, the media inappropriately portrays them in public photographic imaging by conveying them as ‘other’, and as incompetent and lacking power. This project gave people with intellectual...

  • Early Humans in the Aegean Basin

    Early Humans in the Aegean Basin

    Tristan Carter

    This McMaster project is helping to rewrite the migration routes early humans took to reach Europe, with archaeologists’ discoveries at the site of Stélida on the Cycladic island of Naxos (southern Greece) suggesting that our early ancestors were in...

  • Fight Childhood Obesity with Government-Funded School Meal Programs

    Fight Childhood Obesity with Government-Funded School Meal Programs

    Christina Moffat

    School meal programs that provide every child with a lunch may be an appropriate long-term strategy to tackle the rising rate of childhood obesity. These government-funded programs do this by addressing household food insecurity and promoting food...

  • What factors influence immigration visa decisions?

    What factors influence immigration visa decisions?

    Victor Satzewich

    When visa officers issue visas to enter Canada, administrative logic may cause individuals from certain regions to be at a systematic disadvantage. Organizational culture, efficient client processing, and understandings of motivations to migrate...

  • Optimal Treatment of Bequests and Inheritances

    Optimal Treatment of Bequests and Inheritances

    Katherine Cuff

    How the government should reduce economic inequalities arising from bequests and inheritances through its tax system depends on the perceived social benefits received by those leaving the bequests.

  • Shifting the Burden: Childhoods, Resilience, Subjecthood

    Shifting the Burden: Childhoods, Resilience, Subjecthood

    Marshall Beier

    When the dominant view that children are weak and need protection is combined with resilience thinking (a view that children can autonomously adapt to their circumstances and overcome adversity), even the most well conceived social interventions to...

  • The impact of neighborhood composition on work-family conflict and distress

    The impact of neighborhood composition on work-family conflict and distress

    Marisa Young

    Work-family conflict is a modern mental health risk resulting from the inability to balance paid work and familial obligations. Similarities between neighbours, like family type, age, income, and ethnicity, reduce the consequences of work-family...

  • Staging history for Thailand’s far south: fantasy for a supposedly pliant Muslim community

    Staging history for Thailand’s far south: fantasy for a supposedly pliant Muslim community

    Kee Howe Yong

    By developing an “official” history of its land, the Thailand's government tries to ignore internal problems in its Muslim-dominant far south provinces. Moreover, the absence of any serious attempt to interpret the resurgence of violence and to...

  • Why Has the Gender Wage Gap Narrowed?

    Why Has the Gender Wage Gap Narrowed?

    Shintaro Yamaguchi

    The decreased use of motor skills and the increased use of cognitive skills in the workplace help explain the narrowing wage gap between men and women from 1979-1996.

  • Manipulating Election Laws to Extend Hegemonic Party Rule in Singapore

    Manipulating Election Laws to Extend Hegemonic Party Rule in Singapore

    Netina Tan

    Singapore's ruling party, the People’s Action Party (PAP) alters election rules and passes legislations that disadvantage opposition parties to secure its rule.

  • How Many Optometrists for Ontario?

    How Many Optometrists for Ontario?

    Arthur Sweetman

    There are more new optometrists entering practice in Ontario every year than the number that will likely be required to keep service levels stable, even taking into account the aging population. Unless Ontarians want, and are willing to pay for,...

  • Debt dilution: the problem and possible solutions

    Debt dilution: the problem and possible solutions

    César Sosa-Padilla

    The implementation of alternative government debt contracts may help governments deal with the problems of debt dilution, the reduction in the value of existing debt triggered by the issuance of new debt.

  • Modern Life and Hassidic Communities

    Modern Life and Hassidic Communities

    William Shaffir

    Hassidic communities must react to social changes that could alter their insular lifestyle. They recognize the internet, rising divorce rates, and more people leaving the community as factors that most affect their unique way of living.

  • A Comparison of Craft Learning in the Lake Titicaca Basin

    A Comparison of Craft Learning in the Lake Titicaca Basin

    Andrew Roddick

    The ceramic making practices contribute to and reflect political and economic processes. In addition, these practices around the Southern Lake Titicaca Basin were not confined but spread to other regions through various sociopolitical means.

  • The Benefits and Risks of Impact Benefit Agreements

    The Benefits and Risks of Impact Benefit Agreements

    Suzanne Mills

    By negotiating Impact Benefit Agreements (IBA), private agreements between Indigenous governments and corporations, Indigenous governments and organizations have been able to mandate employment practices such as hiring, promotion and workplace...

  • How Politics Shape Reputation—A Case Study of George Soros

    How Politics Shape Reputation—A Case Study of George Soros

    Neil McLaughlin

    When ideas make their way around the globe, they are interpreted at a local level. This is exemplified in the case study of George Soros, a well-known philanthropist, who has different reputations in Lithuania, Russia, and the USA.

  • The Persistence of Neoliberalism

    The Persistence of Neoliberalism

    Stephen McBride

    Despite much criticism, neoliberalism is still the dominant politico-economic theory amongst policy-makers as shown by its influence on a variety of domestic and international policies.

  • Female Employment and Escape from Poverty Among Recent Immigrants

    Female Employment and Escape from Poverty Among Recent Immigrants

    Lisa Kaida

    The employment of recently-arrived immigrant women makes a significant contribution to lifting their family out of poverty. European immigrants have a higher probability of exiting poverty, explained by their higher female employment rates than...

  • The Relationship Between Neoliberalism and the Social Economy

    The Relationship Between Neoliberalism and the Social Economy

    Peter Graefe

    New social policy domains like the social economy have complex relationships with large governing rationalities like neoliberalism. Studies need to develop political analysis that more closely traces how competing policy projects are taken up by...

  • PAWSing Student Stress

    PAWSing Student Stress

    James Gillett

    Therapy dogs offer university students love and support. They could be used to help combat growing mental health concerns in university, such as depression, anxiety, and stress, especially during exam time.

  • White weddings for straight and same-sex couples

    White weddings for straight and same-sex couples

    Tina Fetner

    Traditional weddings reinforce heterosexuality as the norm and act as a reference point when both straight and same-sex couples plan their marriage. Straight couples are more likely than same-sex couples to embrace a traditional wedding

  • What Determines Persistence and Academic Success in University?

    What Determines Persistence and Academic Success in University?

    Martin Dooley

    Students with similar high school GPAs, but who are from neighbourhoods and high schools of varying characteristics, have similar chances of success in university. Students’ high school GPAs are by far the best predictors of persistence and academic...

  • Outcomes of Contact Between White and Indigenous People in Canada, a Case Study

    Outcomes of Contact Between White and Indigenous People in Canada, a Case Study

    Jeffrey Denis

    Intergroup contact between white and Indigenous people in a small-town settler-colonial context reduces overt racism but often reinforces the sense of white superiority. Avoiding public discussions of racism, befriending those with similar racial...

  • The Impact of Childhood Trauma on Adult Chronic Homelessness

    The Impact of Childhood Trauma on Adult Chronic Homelessness

    Stephanie Baker Collins

    Adverse childhood events significantly contribute to the state of being of chronically homeless adults. Society's response to homelessness among youth and adults must address the impact of trauma inflicted by those negative childhood events.

  • Are book reviews subjective?

    Are book reviews subjective?

    Phillipa Chong

    Book reviewers use four main strategies to turn their subjective opinions into more objective assessments: recognizing conflicts of interest, maintaining critical autonomy, using evidence-based reviewing, and applying reflexive reading.

  • Effective Communication Using a Strategic Mediator

    Effective Communication Using a Strategic Mediator

    Maxim Ivanov

    Communicating through someone with an ulterior motive (strategic mediator) can be as effective as communicating through a neutral mediator if the strategic mediator is chosen properly.

  • War on Drugs 2.0

    War on Drugs 2.0

    Gregory Hooks

    The militarized war on drugs in Colombia is extremely harmful to the environment. All parties involved in efforts to support or suppress cocaine production have detrimental effects on the environment. This conflict exemplifies the new way wars are...

  • Aboriginal Healing Through Community Building

    Aboriginal Healing Through Community Building

    Bonnie Freeman, L. William Lee

    Efforts to help Aboriginal people regain overall health--whether physical, mental, emotional, or spiritual--and heal from historical and ongoing trauma need to focus on the self-determination of the Aboriginal community.