• Assessing Access to Clean Water in Rural Communities

    Assessing Access to Clean Water in Rural Communities

    Sarah Dickson

    Rural, remote and marginalized (RRM) communities can face a lack of clean drinking water and poor sanitation. This research complies a set of indicators to provide an assessment of water security in these communities.

  • The Importance of Including Older People in Canadian Strategies on Homelessness

    The Importance of Including Older People in Canadian Strategies on Homelessness

    Amanda Grenier

    The number of older people who are homeless is expected to increase across Canada. Strategies to combat homelessness tend to neglect this group and this can be problematic as older homeless people have unique needs.

  • Making Humanitarian Action Possible

    Making Humanitarian Action Possible

    Andrew Gilbert

    Delivering humanitarian aid in postwar societies can be difficult in the face of political pressures and great demand for limited resources. In order for aid to be effective, the criteria for what constitutes legitimate humanitarian action must be...

  • Salvadoran Families Negotiate Adolescence in a Canadian Context

    Salvadoran Families Negotiate Adolescence in a Canadian Context

    Mirna Carranza

    Adolescence can be a challenging transition period for all parents and children, including immigrant families who must use resourcefulness and resilience to navigate between cultures and keep families together. Canadian immigrant Salvadoran mothers...

  • Labour & Tax Justice

    Labour & Tax Justice

    Robert O'Brien

    Tax evasion and avoidance are common practice among wealthy individuals and corporations. These practices shift the burden to poorer citizens and developing nations, and can lead to the termination of important programs and services. The term “tax...

  • More Protein Combined With Exercise May Lead to Weight Loss and Muscle Gain

    More Protein Combined With Exercise May Lead to Weight Loss and Muscle Gain

    Stuart Phillips

    Ideally, weight loss involves a loss of body fat and the maintenance or a gain of muscle or lean body mass. This randomized control trial demonstrates that a low-calorie, high-protein diet combined with intense exercise helps promote a loss in fat...

  • Revolutions in the Digital Age

    Revolutions in the Digital Age

    Deena Abul Fottouh

    Deena Abul Fottouh is a PhD student of Sociology at McMaster University. Her Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship and Sherman Centre for Digital Scholarship funded dissertation examines digital activism, computational sociology, social networks and...

  • Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities Critique and Take Control of their Media Images

    Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities Critique and Take Control of their Media Images

    Ann Fudge Schormans

    From the perspective of people with intellectual disabilities, the media inappropriately portrays them in public photographic imaging by conveying them as ‘other’, and as incompetent and lacking power. This project gave people with intellectual...

  • Early Humans in the Aegean Basin

    Early Humans in the Aegean Basin

    Tristan Carter

    This McMaster project is helping to rewrite the migration routes early humans took to reach Europe, with archaeologists’ discoveries at the site of Stélida on the Cycladic island of Naxos (southern Greece) suggesting that our early ancestors were in...

  • Fight Childhood Obesity with Government-Funded School Meal Programs

    Fight Childhood Obesity with Government-Funded School Meal Programs

    Christina Moffat

    School meal programs that provide every child with a lunch may be an appropriate long-term strategy to tackle the rising rate of childhood obesity. These government-funded programs do this by addressing household food insecurity and promoting food...

  • What factors influence immigration visa decisions?

    What factors influence immigration visa decisions?

    Victor Satzewich

    When visa officers issue visas to enter Canada, administrative logic may cause individuals from certain regions to be at a systematic disadvantage. Organizational culture, efficient client processing, and understandings of motivations to migrate...

  • Optimal Treatment of Bequests and Inheritances

    Optimal Treatment of Bequests and Inheritances

    Katherine Cuff

    How the government should reduce economic inequalities arising from bequests and inheritances through its tax system depends on the perceived social benefits received by those leaving the bequests.

  • Debt dilution: the problem and possible solutions

    Debt dilution: the problem and possible solutions

    Cesar Sosa-Padilla

    The implementation of alternative government debt contracts may help governments deal with the problems of debt dilution, the reduction in the value of existing debt triggered by the issuance of new debt.

  • Modern Life and Hassidic Communities

    Modern Life and Hassidic Communities

    William Shaffir

    Hassidic communities must react to social changes that could alter their insular lifestyle. They recognize the internet, rising divorce rates, and more people leaving the community as factors that most affect their unique way of living.

  • A Comparison of Craft Learning in the Lake Titicaca Basin

    A Comparison of Craft Learning in the Lake Titicaca Basin

    Andrew Roddick

    The ceramic making practices contribute to and reflect political and economic processes. In addition, these practices around the Southern Lake Titicaca Basin were not confined but spread to other regions through various sociopolitical means.

  • The Benefits and Risks of Impact Benefit Agreements

    The Benefits and Risks of Impact Benefit Agreements

    Suzanne Mills

    By negotiating Impact Benefit Agreements (IBA), private agreements between Indigenous governments and corporations, Indigenous governments and organizations have been able to mandate employment practices such as hiring, promotion and workplace...

  • How Politics Shape Reputation—A Case Study of George Soros

    How Politics Shape Reputation—A Case Study of George Soros

    Neil McLaughlin

    When ideas make their way around the globe, they are interpreted at a local level. This is exemplified in the case study of George Soros, a well-known philanthropist, who has different reputations in Lithuania, Russia, and the USA.

  • The Persistence of Neoliberalism

    The Persistence of Neoliberalism

    Stephen McBride

    Despite much criticism, neoliberalism is still the dominant politico-economic theory amongst policy-makers as shown by its influence on a variety of domestic and international policies.

  • Mothering with HIV : Experiences of Health and Social Surveillance of Mothers living with HIV

    Mothering with HIV : Experiences of Health and Social Surveillance of Mothers living with HIV

    Saara Greene

    Pregnancy and motherhood for women living with HIV in Canada is a success story. At the same time, these women continue to experience HIV-related stigma in a number of health and social care settings, as well as a complicated legal context given the...

  • The threat of job loss affects worker health

    The threat of job loss affects worker health

    Paul Glavin

    Prolonged exposure to the threat of job loss is associated with the most adverse health consequences for middle-aged workers. Young workers, in contrast, report fewer health penalties in response to job insecurity. Short-term job insecurity has...

  • PAWSing Student Stress

    PAWSing Student Stress

    James Gillett

    Therapy dogs offer university students love and support. They could be used to help combat growing mental health concerns in university, such as depression, anxiety, and stress, especially during exam time.

  • White weddings for straight and same-sex couples

    White weddings for straight and same-sex couples

    Tina Fetner

    Traditional weddings reinforce heterosexuality as the norm and act as a reference point when both straight and same-sex couples plan their marriage. Straight couples are more likely than same-sex couples to embrace a traditional wedding

  • What Determines Persistence and Academic Success in University?

    What Determines Persistence and Academic Success in University?

    Martin Dooley

    Students with similar high school GPAs, but who are from neighbourhoods and high schools of varying characteristics, have similar chances of success in university. Students’ high school GPAs are by far the best predictors of persistence and academic...

  • Outcomes of Contact Between White and Indigenous People in Canada, a Case Study

    Outcomes of Contact Between White and Indigenous People in Canada, a Case Study

    Jeff Denis

    Intergroup contact between white and Indigenous people in a small-town settler-colonial context reduces overt racism but often reinforces the sense of white superiority. Avoiding public discussions of racism, befriending those with similar racial...

  • The Impact of Childhood Trauma on Adult Chronic Homelessness

    The Impact of Childhood Trauma on Adult Chronic Homelessness

    Stephanie Baker Collins

    Adverse childhood events significantly contribute to the state of being of chronically homeless adults. Society's response to homelessness among youth and adults must address the impact of trauma inflicted by those negative childhood events.

  • Are book reviews subjective?

    Are book reviews subjective?

    Phillipa Chong

    Book reviewers use four main strategies to turn their subjective opinions into more objective assessments: recognizing conflicts of interest, maintaining critical autonomy, using evidence-based reviewing, and applying reflexive reading.

  • Why Have Infants Been Buried this Way?

    Why Have Infants Been Buried this Way?

    Aubrey Cannon

    Archaeological records show that when infants die, their burial is often absent, simple, or segregated from burial grounds of others in their community. This trend, along with exceptions, is best explained by a view based on psychology-based...

  • A Look at Bones of War

    A Look at Bones of War

    Megan Brickley

    Knowing the age-at-death of individuals who died in the past is critical for our understanding of past events and living conditions. Techniques such as Transition Analysis of the auricular surface and examination of epiphyseal development and fusion...

  • Implementation of a Universal Publicly-Funded Drug Plan is Possible in Canada

    Implementation of a Universal Publicly-Funded Drug Plan is Possible in Canada

    Katherine Boothe

    The implementation of a universal publicly funded drug plan is important for Canada. Although adopting this policy will be difficult, it is possible to overcome some of these barriers.

  • “We are Not an Ethnic Vote!” Representational Perspectives of Minorities in the Greater Toronto Area

    “We are Not an Ethnic Vote!” Representational Perspectives of Minorities in the Greater Toronto Area

    Karen Bird

    Minorities from different ethnic groups have different preferences for how they would like to be represented by elected officials. These preferences depend on various contexts and are influenced by the minority groups’ historical experiences,...

  • The Importance of Religion for Tea in China

    The Importance of Religion for Tea in China

    James Benn

    Religious ideas, institutions, and individuals throughout history strongly influenced the long lasting significance of tea in Chinese culture.

  • Temporary, Insecure Employment Harms Canadians and Their Communities

    Temporary, Insecure Employment Harms Canadians and Their Communities

    Wayne Lewchuk

    The prevalence of precarious (or, temporary and insecure) employment is increasing in our society. This form of employment negatively impacts the workforce and hinders people from realizing their full potential within their employment and in their...

  • Effective Communication Using a Strategic Mediator

    Effective Communication Using a Strategic Mediator

    Maxim Ivanov

    Communicating through someone with an ulterior motive (strategic mediator) can be as effective as communicating through a neutral mediator if the strategic mediator is chosen properly.

  • War on Drugs 2.0

    War on Drugs 2.0

    Gregory Hooks

    The militarized war on drugs in Colombia is extremely harmful to the environment. All parties involved in efforts to support or suppress cocaine production have detrimental effects on the environment. This conflict exemplifies the new way wars are...

  • Aboriginal Healing Through Community Building

    Aboriginal Healing Through Community Building

    Bonnie Freeman, L. William Lee

    Efforts to help Aboriginal people regain overall health--whether physical, mental, emotional, or spiritual--and heal from historical and ongoing trauma need to focus on the self-determination of the Aboriginal community.