• A New Wrinkle in Biosensors

    A New Wrinkle in Biosensors

    Leyla Soleymani

    Point-of-care biosensors that can diagnose both infectious and noninfectious diseases are crucial for the advancement of healthcare globally, especially if they can offer fast and affordable service. New technologies, like wrinkled electrodes, could...

  • The History of Infant and Maternal Public Health Care in the British Caribbean

    The History of Infant and Maternal Public Health Care in the British Caribbean

    Juanita De Barros

    Following the end of slavery in 1834, colonial governments in the British Caribbean unfolded a set of public health policies focused on women and children that were designed to “uplift the race,” including midwife training and baby-saving leagues.

  • Using Recuperative Thickening Technology to Boost Biogas Production

    Using Recuperative Thickening Technology to Boost Biogas Production

    David Latulippe

    Wastewater treatment is complex, expensive, and uses a lot of energy. High performance technologies, such as recuperative thickening techniques, can help wastewater treatment facilities reduce their energy consumption on-site by generating biogas, a...

  • Literary History of Six Nations of the Grand River

    Literary History of Six Nations of the Grand River

    Rick Monture

    This research tells the history of the Grand River Six Nations, documenting the community’s own understanding of its nationhood and culture through study of the spiritual and political philosophies, oral stories, and writings of its members.

  • Raising Awareness of Human Interconnections with the Sea

    Raising Awareness of Human Interconnections with the Sea

    Chris Myhr

    This artistic research produced a film and exhibition titled Approaches to Erg which recreated the effect of being underwater in the Halifax Harbour to draw our attention to the dynamic relationships that connect us to the large bodies of water...

  • The Context of the Dead Sea Scrolls in the Qumran Library

    The Context of the Dead Sea Scrolls in the Qumran Library

    Daniel Machiela

    The Aramaic Dead Sea Scrolls comprise a new source of information for ancient Judaism from the fourth to first centuries BCE. These scrolls exhibit a number of characteristics that distinguish them from the Hebrew literature found in the Dead Sea...

  • Listening to the Brain When the Body Cannot Speak

    Listening to the Brain When the Body Cannot Speak

    John Connolly

    Researchers have combined brainwave-imaging technology with language-based tests to see conscious brain activity among people who are unable to communicate in typical ways, giving doctors the information needed to provide critical health care...

  • Effects of Changing Lake Temperatures on Developing Fish Embryos in Lake Huron

    Effects of Changing Lake Temperatures on Developing Fish Embryos in Lake Huron

    Joanna Wilson

    Many industries use lake water to cool their plants and water that returns to the lake can be warmer than the typical lake temperature. In Ontario, Bruce Power’s nuclear generation station uses water from Lake Huron for cooling; the water that is...

  • Six Nations Community Health

    Six Nations Community Health

    Sonia Anand

    Addressing key social barriers on the Six Nations Reserve is critical to tackle the high prevalence of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease in this community.

  • Six Nations Maternal and Newborn Health

    Six Nations Maternal and Newborn Health

    Sonia Anand

    Understanding the maternal and newborn characteristics that increase the risk of early development of adiposity can help inform strategies that prevent obesity and type 2 diabetes in the Six Nations community.

  • The Costs of Bankruptcy

    The Costs of Bankruptcy

    Jiaping Qiu

    When a corporation declares bankruptcy, employee’s wages decrease significantly. This potential loss in earnings is significant enough that firms with a high risk of bankruptcy must pay their employees a higher wage to compensate them for the risky...

  • The Right to be Involved

    The Right to be Involved

    Chris Sinding

    Health care is becoming increasingly centered on the treatment decisions of patients. While this is an important advance in health care, there can be unintended drawbacks to this approach.

  • Understanding the Great Recession

    Understanding the Great Recession

    Alok Johri

    The Great Recession that began in late 2007 was the worst recession in the post-war era. A significant contributing factor was rapid innovation in the finance industry, which lead to expectations that could not be fulfilled.

  • The Political Lives of Migrants

    The Political Lives of Migrants

    Peter Nyers

    Citizenship is often viewed as a means of excluding migrants from participating in political affairs. However, migrants are capable of contesting this exclusion and viewing themselves as citizens through their actions.

  • Assessing Access to Clean Water in Rural Communities

    Assessing Access to Clean Water in Rural Communities

    Sarah Dickson

    Rural, remote and marginalized (RRM) communities can face a lack of clean drinking water and poor sanitation. This research complies a set of indicators to provide an assessment of water security in these communities.

  • The Importance of Including Older People in Canadian Strategies on Homelessness

    The Importance of Including Older People in Canadian Strategies on Homelessness

    Amanda Grenier

    The number of older people who are homeless is expected to increase across Canada. Strategies to combat homelessness tend to neglect this group and this can be problematic as older homeless people have unique needs.

  • Making Humanitarian Action Possible

    Making Humanitarian Action Possible

    Andrew Gilbert

    Delivering humanitarian aid in postwar societies can be difficult in the face of political pressures and great demand for limited resources. In order for aid to be effective, the criteria for what constitutes legitimate humanitarian action must be...

  • Salvadoran Families Negotiate Adolescence in a Canadian Context

    Salvadoran Families Negotiate Adolescence in a Canadian Context

    Mirna Carranza

    Adolescence can be a challenging transition period for all parents and children, including immigrant families who must use resourcefulness and resilience to navigate between cultures and keep families together. Canadian immigrant Salvadoran mothers...

  • Labour & Tax Justice

    Labour & Tax Justice

    Robert O'Brien

    Tax evasion and avoidance are common practice among wealthy individuals and corporations. These practices shift the burden to poorer citizens and developing nations, and can lead to the termination of important programs and services. The term “tax...

  • More Protein Combined With Exercise May Lead to Weight Loss and Muscle Gain

    More Protein Combined With Exercise May Lead to Weight Loss and Muscle Gain

    Stuart Phillips

    Ideally, weight loss involves a loss of body fat and the maintenance or a gain of muscle or lean body mass. This randomized control trial demonstrates that a low-calorie, high-protein diet combined with intense exercise helps promote a loss in fat...

  • How Indigenous Grandparent-Grandchild Relationships Influence Health and Well-Being

    How Indigenous Grandparent-Grandchild Relationships Influence Health and Well-Being

    Chelsea Gabel

    Intergenerational relationships play an integral role in maintaining cultural continuity through the process of storytelling and knowledge transmission. These processes also have positive implications for the health and well-being of Indigenous...

  • A Conversation With the Past Through Modern Mummification

    A Conversation With the Past Through Modern Mummification

    Andrew Wade

    Until recently modern mummification using traditional techniques had not been performed. A modern mummy, however, offers a unique and valuable connection between modern research and the ancient world.

  • Crohn’s Disease and Intestinal Bacteria

    Crohn’s Disease and Intestinal Bacteria

    Brian Coombes

    Intestinal bacteria play an important role in the development of Crohn’s disease. External factors, such as gastroenteritis and antibiotic use, can lead to changes in the composition of intestinal bacteria resulting in an increased risk of...

  • Using Technology to Manage Health

    Using Technology to Manage Health

    Norm Archer

    Mobile devices, such as laptops and phones, can be used effectively to manage chronic illnesses. Barriers to the adoption of health-related technologies can be overcome using several techniques in a combined fashion.

  • Employment services in Rural and Urban Contexts

    Employment services in Rural and Urban Contexts

    Jessica Braimoh

    Despite offering the same services on paper, there is a difference in how Employment Service is delivered across urban and rural social service organisations. Compared to the urban site, the rural setting has fewer resources that can be used to...

  • Using a National Framework in Developing a Child and Youth Mental Health Plan in Yukon

    Using a National Framework in Developing a Child and Youth Mental Health Plan in Yukon

    Gillian Mulvale

    Many of Canada's provinces and territories do not have explicit child and youth mental health policies or plans in place. A case study exploring the development of Yukon's child and youth mental health framework illuminates the benefits,...

  • Revolutions in the Digital Age

    Revolutions in the Digital Age

    Deena Abul Fottouh

    Deena Abul Fottouh is a PhD student of Sociology at McMaster University. Her Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship and Sherman Centre for Digital Scholarship funded dissertation examines digital activism, computational sociology, social networks and...

  • Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities Critique and Take Control of their Media Images

    Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities Critique and Take Control of their Media Images

    Ann Fudge Schormans

    From the perspective of people with intellectual disabilities, the media inappropriately portrays them in public photographic imaging by conveying them as ‘other’, and as incompetent and lacking power. This project gave people with intellectual...

  • Early Humans in the Aegean Basin

    Early Humans in the Aegean Basin

    Tristan Carter

    This McMaster project is helping to rewrite the migration routes early humans took to reach Europe, with archaeologists’ discoveries at the site of Stélida on the Cycladic island of Naxos (southern Greece) suggesting that our early ancestors were in...

  • Fight Childhood Obesity with Government-Funded School Meal Programs

    Fight Childhood Obesity with Government-Funded School Meal Programs

    Christina Moffat

    School meal programs that provide every child with a lunch may be an appropriate long-term strategy to tackle the rising rate of childhood obesity. These government-funded programs do this by addressing household food insecurity and promoting food...

  • What factors influence immigration visa decisions?

    What factors influence immigration visa decisions?

    Victor Satzewich

    When visa officers issue visas to enter Canada, administrative logic may cause individuals from certain regions to be at a systematic disadvantage. Organizational culture, efficient client processing, and understandings of motivations to migrate...

  • Optimal Treatment of Bequests and Inheritances

    Optimal Treatment of Bequests and Inheritances

    Katherine Cuff

    How the government should reduce economic inequalities arising from bequests and inheritances through its tax system depends on the perceived social benefits received by those leaving the bequests.

  • Shifting the Burden: Childhoods, Resilience, Subjecthood

    Shifting the Burden: Childhoods, Resilience, Subjecthood

    Marshall Beier

    When the dominant view that children are weak and need protection is combined with resilience thinking (a view that children can autonomously adapt to their circumstances and overcome adversity), even the most well conceived social interventions to...

  • The impact of neighborhood composition on work-family conflict and distress

    The impact of neighborhood composition on work-family conflict and distress

    Marisa Young

    Work-family conflict is a modern mental health risk resulting from the inability to balance paid work and familial obligations. Similarities between neighbours, like family type, age, income, and ethnicity, reduce the consequences of work-family...

  • Staging history for Thailand’s far south: fantasy for a supposedly pliant Muslim community

    Staging history for Thailand’s far south: fantasy for a supposedly pliant Muslim community

    Kee Howe Yong

    By developing an “official” history of its land, the Thailand's government tries to ignore internal problems in its Muslim-dominant far south provinces. Moreover, the absence of any serious attempt to interpret the resurgence of violence and to...

  • Why Has the Gender Wage Gap Narrowed?

    Why Has the Gender Wage Gap Narrowed?

    Shintaro Yamaguchi

    The decreased use of motor skills and the increased use of cognitive skills in the workplace help explain the narrowing wage gap between men and women from 1979-1996.

  • Manipulating Election Laws to Extend Hegemonic Party Rule in Singapore

    Manipulating Election Laws to Extend Hegemonic Party Rule in Singapore

    Netina Tan

    Singapore's ruling party, the People’s Action Party (PAP) alters election rules and passes legislations that disadvantage opposition parties to secure its rule.

  • How Many Optometrists for Ontario?

    How Many Optometrists for Ontario?

    Arthur Sweetman

    There are more new optometrists entering practice in Ontario every year than the number that will likely be required to keep service levels stable, even taking into account the aging population. Unless Ontarians want, and are willing to pay for,...

  • Debt dilution: the problem and possible solutions

    Debt dilution: the problem and possible solutions

    Cesar Sosa-Padilla

    The implementation of alternative government debt contracts may help governments deal with the problems of debt dilution, the reduction in the value of existing debt triggered by the issuance of new debt.

  • Modern Life and Hassidic Communities

    Modern Life and Hassidic Communities

    William Shaffir

    Hassidic communities must react to social changes that could alter their insular lifestyle. They recognize the internet, rising divorce rates, and more people leaving the community as factors that most affect their unique way of living.

  • A Comparison of Craft Learning in the Lake Titicaca Basin

    A Comparison of Craft Learning in the Lake Titicaca Basin

    Andrew Roddick

    The ceramic making practices contribute to and reflect political and economic processes. In addition, these practices around the Southern Lake Titicaca Basin were not confined but spread to other regions through various sociopolitical means.

  • The Benefits and Risks of Impact Benefit Agreements

    The Benefits and Risks of Impact Benefit Agreements

    Suzanne Mills

    By negotiating Impact Benefit Agreements (IBA), private agreements between Indigenous governments and corporations, Indigenous governments and organizations have been able to mandate employment practices such as hiring, promotion and workplace...

  • How Politics Shape Reputation—A Case Study of George Soros

    How Politics Shape Reputation—A Case Study of George Soros

    Neil McLaughlin

    When ideas make their way around the globe, they are interpreted at a local level. This is exemplified in the case study of George Soros, a well-known philanthropist, who has different reputations in Lithuania, Russia, and the USA.

  • The Persistence of Neoliberalism

    The Persistence of Neoliberalism

    Stephen McBride

    Despite much criticism, neoliberalism is still the dominant politico-economic theory amongst policy-makers as shown by its influence on a variety of domestic and international policies.

  • Female Employment and Escape from Poverty Among Recent Immigrants

    Female Employment and Escape from Poverty Among Recent Immigrants

    Lisa Kaida

    The employment of recently-arrived immigrant women makes a significant contribution to lifting their family out of poverty. European immigrants have a higher probability of exiting poverty, explained by their higher female employment rates than...

  • The Relationship Between Neoliberalism and the Social Economy

    The Relationship Between Neoliberalism and the Social Economy

    Peter Graefe

    New social policy domains like the social economy have complex relationships with large governing rationalities like neoliberalism. Studies need to develop political analysis that more closely traces how competing policy projects are taken up by...

  • Do Pay-For-Performance (P4P) Incentives for Physicians Improve the Quality of Health Care?

    Do Pay-For-Performance (P4P) Incentives for Physicians Improve the Quality of Health Care?

    Jeremiah Hurley

    Pay-for-Performance (P4P) in Ontario caused primary care physicians to increase, though only modestly, the provision of some effective medical services but not others. Therefore, policymakers should be cautious about using P4P to improve the quality...

  • What makes Canada's anti-polygamy laws constitutional?

    What makes Canada's anti-polygamy laws constitutional?

    Melanie Heath

    In 2011, the Supreme Court of British Columbia ruled that polygamy (the practice of having more than one wife or husband at the same time) is harmful to women, children, and society and for this reason should be unlawful. However, the way the...

  • Which Tax is More Environmentally Friendly: Fuel Tax or Car Product Tax?

    Which Tax is More Environmentally Friendly: Fuel Tax or Car Product Tax?

    Laura Grigolon

    Despite European consumers' moderate undervaluation of future fuel costs, fuel taxes are more effective at encouraging consumers to purchase fuel efficient cars than product taxes based on the fuel economy of cars. These results hinge on the...

  • More Research and Action is Necessary to Combat Homelessness Among Older People in Canada

    More Research and Action is Necessary to Combat Homelessness Among Older People in Canada

    Amanda Grenier

    Homelessness among older people in Canada is a growing problem. However, inadequate understanding of this issue prevents the development of effective policies, strategies, and services that target homelessness among older people. More research is...

  • Mothering with HIV : Experiences of Health and Social Surveillance of Mothers living with HIV

    Mothering with HIV : Experiences of Health and Social Surveillance of Mothers living with HIV

    Saara Greene

    Pregnancy and motherhood for women living with HIV in Canada is a success story. At the same time, these women continue to experience HIV-related stigma in a number of health and social care settings, as well as a complicated legal context given the...

  • The threat of job loss affects worker health

    The threat of job loss affects worker health

    Paul Glavin

    Prolonged exposure to the threat of job loss is associated with the most adverse health consequences for middle-aged workers. Young workers, in contrast, report fewer health penalties in response to job insecurity. Short-term job insecurity has...

  • PAWSing Student Stress

    PAWSing Student Stress

    James Gillett

    Therapy dogs offer university students love and support. They could be used to help combat growing mental health concerns in university, such as depression, anxiety, and stress, especially during exam time.

  • White weddings for straight and same-sex couples

    White weddings for straight and same-sex couples

    Tina Fetner

    Traditional weddings reinforce heterosexuality as the norm and act as a reference point when both straight and same-sex couples plan their marriage. Straight couples are more likely than same-sex couples to embrace a traditional wedding

  • What Determines Persistence and Academic Success in University?

    What Determines Persistence and Academic Success in University?

    Martin Dooley

    Students with similar high school GPAs, but who are from neighbourhoods and high schools of varying characteristics, have similar chances of success in university. Students’ high school GPAs are by far the best predictors of persistence and academic...

  • Outcomes of Contact Between White and Indigenous People in Canada, a Case Study

    Outcomes of Contact Between White and Indigenous People in Canada, a Case Study

    Jeff Denis

    Intergroup contact between white and Indigenous people in a small-town settler-colonial context reduces overt racism but often reinforces the sense of white superiority. Avoiding public discussions of racism, befriending those with similar racial...

  • The Impact of Childhood Trauma on Adult Chronic Homelessness

    The Impact of Childhood Trauma on Adult Chronic Homelessness

    Stephanie Baker Collins

    Adverse childhood events significantly contribute to the state of being of chronically homeless adults. Society's response to homelessness among youth and adults must address the impact of trauma inflicted by those negative childhood events.

  • Are book reviews subjective?

    Are book reviews subjective?

    Phillipa Chong

    Book reviewers use four main strategies to turn their subjective opinions into more objective assessments: recognizing conflicts of interest, maintaining critical autonomy, using evidence-based reviewing, and applying reflexive reading.

  • Why Have Infants Been Buried this Way?

    Why Have Infants Been Buried this Way?

    Aubrey Cannon

    Archaeological records show that when infants die, their burial is often absent, simple, or segregated from burial grounds of others in their community. This trend, along with exceptions, is best explained by a view based on psychology-based...

  • A Look at Bones of War

    A Look at Bones of War

    Megan Brickley

    Knowing the age-at-death of individuals who died in the past is critical for our understanding of past events and living conditions. Techniques such as Transition Analysis of the auricular surface and examination of epiphyseal development and fusion...

  • Aboriginal Healing Through Community Building

    Aboriginal Healing Through Community Building

    Bonnie Freeman, L. William Lee

    Efforts to help Aboriginal people regain overall health--whether physical, mental, emotional, or spiritual--and heal from historical and ongoing trauma need to focus on the self-determination of the Aboriginal community.